高考(全国甲卷)英语试卷试题含答案2021

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高考(全国甲卷)英语试卷试题含答案2021最新公布

2021年高考英语将于6月8日下午进行,为了帮助考生了解高考试题的题型和难度,下面小编给大家整理了关于高考(全国甲卷)英语试卷试题含答案2021的内容,欢迎阅读,内容仅供参考!

高考(全国甲卷)英语试卷试题2021

第一部分 阅读理解(共两节, 满分40分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分, 满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每图所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

A

Take a view, the Landscape(风景)Photographer of the Year Award, was the idea  of Charlie Waite, one of today’s most respected landscape photographers. Each  year, the high standard of entries has shown that the Awards are the perfect  platform to showcase the very best photography of the British landscape. Take a  view is a desirable annual competition for photographers from all corners of the  UK and beyond.

Mike Shepherd

(2011)

Skiddaw inWinter

Cumbria, England

It wasanextremelycoldwinter’seveningandfreezingfoghungintheair.I climbedtothetopofasmallriseandrealisedthatthemistwaslittlemore thanafewfeetdeep,andthoughitwasonlyashortclimb,Ifoundmyself completelyaboveitandlookingatawonderfullyclearviewofSkiddawwiththe sumsettinginthewest.Iusedclassicaltechniques,translatedfrommycollege daysspentinthedarkroomintoPhotoshop,toachievetheblack-and-white image图像.

Timothy Smith

(2014)

Macclesfield

Forest 

Cheshire, England

I wasbackinmyhometownofMacclesfieldtotakesomewinterimages.Walkingup apaththroughtheforesttowardsShutlingsloe,alocalhighpoint,Icame acrossasmallclearingandimmediatelynoticedthedeadyellowgrassesset againstthefreshsnow.ThesmallpineaddedtotheinterestandIplacedit centrallytotaketheviewfromtheforegroundrightthroughintothe forest.

1. Who would most probably enter for Take a view?

A. Writers. B. Photographers.

C. Painters. D. Tourists.

2. What do the works by Shepherd and Smith have in common?

A. They are winter images.

B. They are in black and white.

C. They show mountainous scenes.

D. They focus on snow-covered forests.

3. Where can the text be found?

A. In a history book. B. In a novel.

C. In an art magazine. D. In a biography.

B

Port Lympne Reserve, which runs a breeding(繁育)programme, has welcomed the  arrival of a rare black rhino calf(犀牛幼崽).When the tiny creature arrived on  January 31, she became the 40th black rhino to be born at the reserve. And  officials at Port Lympne were delighted with the new arrival, especially as  black rhinos are known for being difficult to breed in captivity(圈养).

Paul Beer, head of rhino section at Port Lympne, said: “Obviously we’re all  absolutely delighted to welcome another calf to our black rhino family. She’s  healthy, strong and already eager to play and explore. Her mother, Solio, is a  first-time mum and she is doing a fantastic job. It’s still a little too cold  for them to go out into the open, but as soon as the weather warms up, I have no  doubt that the little one will be out and about exploring and playing every  day.”

The adorable female calf is the second black rhino born this year at the  reserve, but it is too early to tell if the calves will make good candidates to  be returned to protected areas of the wild. The first rhino to be born at Port  Lympne arrived on January 5 to first-time mother Kisima and weighed about 32 kg.  His mother, grandmother and great grandmother were all born at the reserve and  still live there.

According to the World Wildlife Fund, the global black rhino population has  dropped as low as 5500, giving the rhinos a “critically endangered” status.

4. Which of the following best describes the breeding programme?

A. Costly. B. Controversial. C. Ambitious. D. Successful.

5. What does Paul Beer say about the new-born rhino?

A. She loves staying with her mother. B. She dislikes outdoor  activities.

C. She is in good condition. D. She is sensitive to heat.

6. What similar experience do Solio and Kisima have?

A. They had their first born in January. B. They enjoyed exploring new  places.

C. They lived with their grandmothers. D. They were brought to the reserve  young.

7. What can be inferred about Porn Lympne Reserve?

A. The rhino section will be open to the public.

B. It aims to control the number of the animals

C. It will continue to work with the World Wildlife Fund.

D. Some of its rhinos may be sent to the protected wild areas.

C

When I was 9, we packed up our home in Los Angeles and arrived at Heathrow,  London on a gray January morning. Everyone in the family settled quickly into  the city except me. Without my beloved beaches and endless blue-sky days, I felt  at a loss and out of place. Until I made a discovery.

Southbank, at an eastern bend in the Thames, is the center of British  skateboarding, where the continuous crashing of skateboards left your head  ringing .I loved it. I soon made friends with the local skaters. We spoke our  own language. And my favorite: Safe. Safe meant cool. It meant hello. It meant  don’t worry about it. Once, when trying a certain trick on the beam(横杆), I fell  onto the stones, damaging a nerve in my hand, and Toby came over, helping me up:  Safe, man. Safe. A few minutes later, when I landed the trick, my friends beat  their boards loud, shouting: “ Safe! Safe! Safe!” And that’s what mattered —  landing tricks, being a good skater.

When I was 15, my family moved to Washington. I tried skateboarding there,  but the locals were far less welcoming. Within a couple of years, I’d given it  up.

When I returned to London in 2004, I found myself wandering down to  Southbank, spending hours there. I’ve traveled back several times since, most  recently this past spring. The day was cold but clear; tourists and Londoners  stopped to watch the skaters. Weaving(穿梭)among the kids who rushed by on their  boards, I found my way to the beam. Then a rail-thin teenager, in a baggy white  T—shirt, skidded(滑)up to the beam. He sat next to me. He seemed not to notice  the man next to him. But soon I caught a few of his glances. “I was a local here  20 years ago,” I told him. Then, slowly, he began to nod his head. “Safe, man.  Safe.”

“Yeah,” I said. “Safe.”

8. What can we learn about the author soon after he moved to London?

A. He felt disappointed. B. He gave up his hobby.

C. He liked the weather there. D. He had disagreements with his family.

9. What do the underlined words “Safe! Safe! Safe!” probably mean?

A. Be careful! B. Well done! C. No way! D. Don’t worry!

10. Why did the author like to spend time in Southbank when he returned to  London?

A. To join the skateboarding. B. To make new friends.

C. To learn more tricks. D. To relive his childhood days

11. What message does the author seem to convey in the text?

A. Children should learn a second language.

B. Sport is necessary for children’s health.

C. Children need a sense of belonging

D. Seeing the world is a must for children.

D

Who is a genius? This question has greatly interested humankind for  centuries.

Let’s state clearly: Einstein was a genius. His face is almost the  international symbol for genius. But we want to go beyond one man and explore  the nature of genius itself. Why is it that some people are so much more  intelligent or creative than the rest of us? And who are they?

In the sciences and arts, those praised as geniuses were most often white  men, of European origin. Perhaps this is not a surprise. It’s said that history  is written by the victors, and those victors set the standards for admission to  the genius club. When contributions were made by geniuses outside the club —  women, or people of a different color or belief — they were unacknowledged and  rejected by others.

A study recently published by Science found that as young as age six, girls  are less likely than boys to say that members of their gender(性别)are “really,  really smart.” Even worse, the study found that girls act on that belief: Around  age six they start to avoid activities said to be for children who are “really,  really smart.” Can our planet afford to have any great thinkers become  discouraged and give up? It doesn’t take a genius to know the answer: absolutely  not.

Here’s the good news. In a wired world with constant global communication,  we’re all positioned to see flashes of genius wherever they appear. And the more  we look, the more we will see that social factors(因素)like gender, race, and  class do not determine the appearance of genius. As a writer says, future  geniuses come from those with “intelligence, creativity, perseverance(毅力), and  simple good fortune, who are able to change the world."

12. What does the author think of victors’ standards for joining the genius  club?

A. They’re unfair. B. They’re conservative.

C. They’re objective. D. They’re strict.

13. What can we infer about girls from the study in Science?

A. They think themselves smart.

B. They look up to great thinkers.

C. They see gender differences earlier than boys.

D. They are likely to be influenced by social beliefs.

14. Why are more geniuses known to the public?

A. Improved global communication.

B. Less discrimination against women.

C. Acceptance of victors’ concepts.

D. Changes in people’s social positions.

15. What is the best title for the text?

A. Geniuses Think Alike B. Genius Takes Many Forms

C. Genius and Intelligence D. Genius and Luck

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分, 满分10分)

根据短文内容, 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Swap, Don’t shop!

You keep hearing about recycling, right? But it doesn’t end with bottles,  cans, and paper. Clothing takes a huge amount of natural resources(资源)to make,  and buying loads of new clothing(or throwing out old clothing)is not healthy for  the environment. So what to do with all those  perfectly-good-but-you’re-maybe-a-little-sick-of-them clothes piled on your  bedroom floor? 16 . It’s the best way to get rid of your used clothes, score  clothes from your friends, and have a party all at the same time.

A successful swap depends on the selection of clothes, the organization of  the event, and, obviously, how much fun is had. It’s really easy to do! Here are  a few pointers.

●Invite 5—10 people so you have a nice selection. 17 , and there may not be  enough things to choose from; more than that, and it becomes uncontrollable.

● 18 . They should also prepare plenty of reusable bags to carry their  "new" clothes home.

●Put different types of clothing on different surfaces in the room. 19 .  Place a few mirrors around your room so people can see how things look when they  try them on. One of the ground rules of the swap should be that everyone must  try on the clothes before they take them — things always look different when you  put them on.

●Set a starting time. Maybe you say “go,” or turn on a certain song, or  whatever. 20 . And don’t forget to put out some cookies and fruits. Remember,  it’s a party!

A. Less people than that

B. Hold a clothing swap

C. If two people are competing

D. Just keep music playing throughout

E. Donate whatever clothes are left over

F. Have everyone put their clothes in the right spots

G. Tell everyone to bring clean clothes in good condition

第二部分 语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

It’s the seaside birds that deserve at least part of the blame for getting  Nick Burchill blacklisted at the Fairmont Empress Hotel in Victoria, Canada.

Burchill was 21 at the hotel on business and planning to 22 some friends in  the area. They had asked him to 23 some pepperoni(辣香肠) from back east. So he 24  a suitcase full of pepperoni. As he was 25 that it would be too warm, he 26 it  out on the table near an open window. He thought his pepperoni was 27 and well  chilled(冷却) and he 28 .

That’s when things went 29 . “I remember walking down the long 30 and  opening the door to my room to find an entire flock of seagulls,” Burchill said  in a recent letter of 31 to the 4-star hotel. "The seagulls immediately went 32  . They rushed to the window, 30 or 40 birds all trying to 33 at the same time,  and pepperoni—everywhere. The curtains were falling down, the lamps were falling  down, It was a real 34 .

Older and wiser now, Burchill chalked up the incident to youthful  indiscretion(莽撞).

“I have 35 and I admit responsibility for my 36 ,” he said in the letter.  “I come to you, 37 , to apologize for the-damage I had 38 caused and to ask you  to 39 my lifetime ban from the hotel.”

His letter 40 . Banned from the hotel since 2001, Burchill is now welcome  to come back, the Fairmont said.

21. A. studying B. staying C. looking D. packing

22. A. visit B. help C. follow D. make

23. A. sell B. have C. bring D. taste

24. A. filled B. locked C. abandoned D. lost

25. A. surprised B. pleased C. excited D. worried

26. A. dug B. cleared C. cut D. laid

27. A. delicious B. safe C. soft D. ready

28. A. left B. nodded C. waited D. regretted

29. A. far B. funny C. wrong D. blind

30. A. beach B. driveway C. hall D. table

31. A. application B. apology C. request D. invitation

32. A. hungry B. dead C. missing D. wild

33. A. wake up B. get out C. take off D. break in

34. A. mess B. puzzle C. fight D. challenge

35. A. recovered B. retired C. escaped D. matured

36. A. suffering B. plans C. madness D. actions

37. A. hands in pocket B. nose in the air C. hat in hand D. feet on the  ground

38. A. indirectly B. deliberately C. cautiously D. secretly

39. A. replace B. remember C. reconsider D. renew

40. A. arrived B. worked C. ended D. disappeared

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

The Xi’an City Wall is the most complete city wall that has survived  China’s long history. It 41 (build) originally to protect the city 42 the Tang  dynasty and has now been completely restored (修复). It is possible 43 (walk) or  bike the entire 14 kilometers.

We accessed the wall through the South Gate. The wall is 12 meters high and  from here you can see streams of people moving inside and outside the City  Wall.

After 44 (spend) some time looking at all the defensive equipment at the  wall, we decided it was time for some action and what 45 (good) than to ride on  a piece of history!

We 46 (hire) our bikes from the rental place at the South Gate. My bike was  old and shaky 47 did the job. It took us about 3 hours to go all 48 way around  the Xi’an City Wall. Supposedly you can do it in two hours, but we stopped at  the different gates and 49 (watchtower) to take pictures or just to watch the  local people going about their 50 (day) routines.

第三部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分;满分10分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作业,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Last week our teacher asked us to fill in a questionnaire. One of the  questions are:Who will you go in times of trouble? Here are the results. Many  students say they will talk to their friend or classmates because they’re of the  same age and can understand each other. Some will turn out to their parents or  teachers for help. Only a little choose to deal with the problems on our own.  Their answers also show that they dislike talk to others. They kept very much to  themselves. In my opinion, where in trouble, we should seek help from those we  trust mostly.

第二节 书面表达(满分25分)

假定你是李华。你校计划举办介绍中国传统文化的主题班会,并在英文网站展示。请你写一封邮件给外国朋友Chris,向他了解哪些中国传统文化更吸引外国友人。邮件内容包括:

1. 阐明写信事由;

2. 征求建议;

3. 表示感谢。

注意:

1. 词数100左右;

2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

高考(全国甲卷)英语试题试卷参考答案2021

第一部分 阅读理解

1-3 BAC 4-7 DCAD 8-11 ABDC 12-15 ADAB 16-20 BAGFD

第二部分 语言知识运用

21-25 BACAD 26-30 DBACC 31-35 BDBAD 36-40 DCACB

41. was built 42. in 43. to walk 44. spending 45. better 46. hired 47. but  48. the

49. Watchtowers 50. daily

第三部分 写作

第二句:are改为is;go后加to

第四句:friend改为friends

第五句:去掉out

第六句:little改为few

our改为their

第七句:talk改为talking

第八句:kept改为keep

第九句:where改为when或whenever;mostly改为most

写作(略)

高考英语各题型解题方法及策略

听力:

关于听力,首先单词的是基础,尤其是它的发音,所以要记住一些听力中常见且比较重要的单词。其次是要多听,最好是外放的那种,不建议戴耳机听,因为考试时的听力就是外放的,很可能你戴耳机听习惯了对外放的就会不敏感。

提高高考英语听力最好的方法就是整句听整句写,刚开始会比较难建议调低语速,习惯了之后再提高语速和听力文章的长度,这个练习的过程会很枯燥和困难,但是坚持下来进步就会很大的。

英语阅读理解:

阅读的难点主要在于主旨大意题非常考察学生的总结归纳能力,其混淆选项也是高考考生失分的重灾区;阅读的细节理解题也非常考察学生的信息定位和查找能力,考生需要注意用时和定位的准确性。

七选五:

找到高考英语题干中的关键词,与段落的关键词相对应。段落关键词需要看段首和段尾。

1、定位选项:在定位选项时,要特别注意空格上下段的写作内容,以及空格上段尾句和下段首句的结构和意义。

2、通读复检:将所选答案代入文中,再次通读全文,重点考查逻辑关系和关联结构。

3、确定排除:尽管答案都已经确定,但是为了避免失误,对多余的选项进行进一步的研究,确定它们和文章的主题和前后句意没有关联性之后,才是最终的结果。

完形填空:

先通读英语试题全文,确定填空的词性,推测填空的词义。快速浏览全文,迅速领悟篇章主旨,通过上下文语境选择答案选项乃解决完形填空的关键。

语法填空:

首先确定填空处的词性,再推导英语词义,最后还需确定其形式有无变化。

高考英语写作:

1、首先审题确定文体类型;2、确定文章框架与分点内容;3、杜绝语法错误,保持卷面清爽。

英语选择题ABCD哪个正确率高

一般来说英语选择题ABCD正确率是平均的,出卷人在设置答案的时候都会平均分配四个选项的正确率。所以没有哪一个选项是正确率高的。不同的英语题型,选择题大题技巧不同。

英语听力题,直接听到的不一定是答案,往往正确答案不可能直接读出来,会设置陷阱,要多加注意听。

阅读理解题,四个选项的正确个数基本都是4~6个,最少4个,在有剩余少的情况下,可以采取哪个选项选的少就选哪个的英语蒙题技巧,如果整体对的多,那蒙对的几率也很大。

完型填空题,共20道,四个选项ABCD基本是平均选五次排布的,但最基本的还要做对,不能只靠蒙来考试,这样的英语成绩不稳定,不可能运气一直很好。

七选五题,通过排除法来筛选,看文中经常提及的单词或句子意思一致。然后再次阅读英语文章,把选好的答案放进文中翻译出来,可以检查出语序对不对。

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